sábado, 31 de marzo de 2012

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs List
Phrasal verbs are usually two-word phrases consisting of verb + adverb or verb + preposition. Think of them as you would any other English vocabulary. Study them as you come across them, rather than trying to memorize many at once. Use the list below as a reference guide when you find an expression that you don't recognize. The examples will help you understand the meanings. If you think of each phrasal verb as a separate verb with a specific meaning, you will be able to remember it more easily. Like many other verbs, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning.
This list shows about 200 common phrasal verbs, with meanings and examples. Only the most usual meanings are given. Some phrasal verbs may have additional meanings.
As well as learning their meanings, you need to learn how to use phrasal verbs properly. Some phrasal verbs require a direct object (someone/something), while others do not. Some phrasal verbs can be separated by the object, while others cannot. Review this phrasal verbs grammar from time to time so that you don't forget the rules!

ask someone out
invite on a date
Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around
ask many people thsame question
asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something
Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up
You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone up
My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up
The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something up
add air
We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down
stop functioning (vehicle, machine)
Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down
get upset
The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break somethingdown
divide into smaller parts
Our teacher broke the final project downinto three separate parts.
break in
force entry to a building
Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something
enter forcibly
The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something in
wear something a few times so that it doesn't look/feel new
I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in
The TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break up
end a relationship
My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break up
start laughing (informal)
The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out
The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out insomething
develop a skin condition
broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down
make unhappy
This sad music is bringing me down.
bring someone up
raise a child
My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something up
start talking about a subject
My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up
He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around
phone many different places/people
We called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back
return a phone call
called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off
Jason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on someone
ask for an answer or opinion
The professor called on me for question 1.
call on someone
visit someone
We called on you last night but you weren't home.
call someone up
Give me your phone number and I willcall you up when we are in town.
calm down
relax after being angry
You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care forsomeone/something
not like (formal)
I don't care for his behaviour.
catch up
get to the same point as someone else
You'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in
arrive and register at a hotel or airport
We will get the hotel keys when wecheck in.
check out
leave a hotel
You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
look at carefully, investigate
The company checks out all new employees.
check outsomeone/something
look at (informal)
Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up
become happier
She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up
make happier
I brought you some flowers to cheer youup.
chip in
If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up
tidy, clean
Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssomething
find unexpectedly
came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart
The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down withsomething
become sick
My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.

come fromsomewhere
originate in
The art of origami comes from Asia.
count onsomeone/something
rely on
I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out
draw a line through
Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsomething
consume less
My doctor wants me to cut back onsweets and fatty foods.
cut something down
make something fall to the ground
We had to cut the old tree in our yarddown after the storm.
cut in
Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in
pull in too closely in front of another vehicle
The bus driver got angry when that carcut in.

cut something off
remove with something sharp
The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off
stop providing
The phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
 he remarried.
cut something out
remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)
cut this ad out of the newspaper.
beat up, ransack (Br.E., informal)
He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over
do again (N.Amer.)
My teacher wants me to do my essayover because she doesn't like my topic.
do away withsomething
It's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up
fasten, close
Do your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress up
wear nice clothing
It's a fancy restaurant so we have todress up.
drop back
move back in a position/group
Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over
come without an appointment
I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there
I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out
quit a class, school etc
dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out
eat at a restaurant
I don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end up
eventually reach/do/decide
We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart
break into pieces
My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall down
fall to the ground
The picture that you hung up last nightfell down this morning.
fall out
separate from an interior
The money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out
(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached
His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something out
understand, find the answer
I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something in
to write information in blanks (Br.E.)
Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something out
to write information in blanks (N.Amer.)
The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something up
fill to the top
I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out
We don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something out
We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get somethingacross/over
communicate, make understandable
I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/on
like each other
I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around
have mobility
My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away
go on a vacation
We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away withsomething
do without being noticed or punished
Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get back
We got back from our vacation last week.
get something back
receive something you had before
Liz finally got her Science notes backfrom my room-mate.
get back at someone
retaliate, take revenge
My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back intosomething
become interested in something again
I finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on something
step onto a vehicle
We're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over something
recover from an illness, loss, difficulty
I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over something
overcome a problem
The company will have to close if it can'tget over the new regulations.
get round tosomething
finally find time to do (N.Amer.:get around to something)
I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get together
meet (usually for social reasons)
Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up
get out of bed
got up early today to study for my exam.
get up
You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone away
reveal hidden information about someone
His wife gave him away to the police.
give someone away
take the bride to the altar
My father gave me away at my wedding.
give something away
ruin a secret
My little sister gave the surprise partyaway by accident.
give something away
give something to someone for free
The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something back
return a borrowed item
I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in
reluctantly stop fighting or arguing
My boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something out
give to many people (usually at no cost)
They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something up
quit a habit
I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up
stop trying
My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after someone
follow someone
My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after something
try to achieve something
went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someone
compete, oppose
We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead
start, proceed
Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back
return to a place
I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out
leave home to go on a social event
We're going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someone
Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over something
Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over
visit someone nearby
I haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go without something
suffer lack or deprivation
When I was young, we went withoutwinter boots.
grow apart
stop being friends over time
My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow back
My roses grew back this summer.
grow up
become an adult
When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow out ofsomething
get too big for
Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow into something
grow big enough to fit
This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
hand something down
give something used to someone else
handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something in
I have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something out
to distribute to a group of people
We will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something over
give (usually unwillingly)
The police asked the man to hand overhis wallet and his weapons.
hang in
stay positive (N.Amer., informal)
Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang on
wait a short time (informal)
Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out
spend time relaxing (informal)
Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up
end a phone call
He didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
prevent from doing/going
I had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold something back
hide an emotion
Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold on
wait a short time
Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
keep on doingsomething
continue doing
Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something fromsomeone
not tell
We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
stop from entering
Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something up
continue at the same rate
If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone down
fail to support or help, disappoint
I need you to be on time. Don't let medown this time.
let someone in
allow to enter
Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
look aftersomeone/something
take care of
I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down onsomeone
think less of, consider inferior
Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look forsomeone/something
try to find
I'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward tosomething
be excited about the future
I'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into something
We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out
be careful, vigilant, and take notice
Look out! That car's going to hit you!
look out forsomeone/something
be especially vigilant for
Don't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something over
check, examine
Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something up
search and find information in a reference book or database
We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to someone
have a lot of respect for
My little sister has always looked up to me.
make something up
invent, lie about something
Josie made up a story about why we were late.
make up
forgive each other
We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make someone up
apply cosmetics to
My sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something up
confuse two or more things
mixed up the twins' names again!
pass away
His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass out
It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something out
give the same thing to many people
The professor passed the textbooks outbefore class.
pass something up
decline (usually something good)
passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone back
return owed money
Thanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay youback on Friday.
pay for something
be punished for doing something bad
That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something out
picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
indicate with your finger
I'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put something down
put what you are holding on a surface or floor
You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put someone down
insult, make someone feel stupid
The students put the substitute teacherdown because his pants were too short.
put something off
We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something out
The neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put somethingtogether
I have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up withsomeone/something
I don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something on
put clothing/accessories on your body
Don't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run intosomeone/something
meet unexpectedly
ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversomeone/something
drive a vehicle over a person or thing
I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/throughsomething
rehearse, review
Let's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away
leave unexpectedly, escape
The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run out
have none left
We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something back
return (usually by mail)
My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something up
arrange, organize
Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set someone up
trick, trap
The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around
compare prices
I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show off
act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)
He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over
stay somewhere for the night (informal)
You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something out
organize, resolve a problem
We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to something
continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing
You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something off
stop the energy flow, turn off
The light's too bright. Could you switch itoff.
switch something on
start the energy flow, turn on
We heard the news as soon as weswitched on the car radio.
take after someone
resemble a family member
take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apart
purposely break into pieces
He took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take something back
return an item
I have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.
take off
start to fly
My plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off
remove something (usually clothing)
Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something out
remove from a place or thing
Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take someone out
pay for someone to go somewhere with you
My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear something up
rip into pieces
tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think back
remember (often + to, sometimes + on)
When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something over
I'll have to think this job offer overbefore I make my final decision.
throw somethingaway
dispose of
We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something down
ecrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)
Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn something down
turned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn something off
stop the energy flow, switch off
Your mother wants you to turn the TVoff and come for dinner.
turn something on
start the energy, switch on
It's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
turn something up
increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc)
Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn up
appear suddenly
Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something on
sample clothing
I'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try something out
I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something up
finish the supply
The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up
stop sleeping
We have to wake up early for work on Monday.
increase the temperature
You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm up
prepare body for exercise
I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off
fade away
Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work out
work out at the gym three times a week.
work out
be successful
Our plan worked out fine.
work something out
make a calculation
We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

1.   escoja la palabra correcta

We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.
1Would you  my dog for me this weekend?
2My neighbour  eggs yesterday.
3 I  my leg at my baseball game.
4 Our boss  our meeting until next week.
5 Could you  the music while I'm on the phone.
6 I don't  my new Science teacher.
7 I  meeting your new girlfriend.
8 My car  on the highway today.
9 It will be easier to read if you  the lights.
10 I have to  to the finish line and back.

Phrasal Verbs with 'up'

Complete the first part of the phrasal verbs. Use each verb only once.
  1. Jane and I want to  up smoking.
  2. Could you  me up at 6 o'clock?
  3. We must  up or we will miss the bus.
  4. Can you  me up at the station?
  5. In many countries, the pupils have to  up when the teacher enters the class-room.
  6. I usually have to  up at half past six.
  7. I must  up my room today.

Phrasal Verbs with 'get'

Complete the sentences. Use each particle only once.
  1. Let's get  business.
  2. How do you get  with your classmates?
  3. I know that you're still in love with your ex. But believe me, you will get  him soon.
  4. Quick, get  the car. I'm not supposed to stop here.
  5. I tried to get my point , but nobody seemed to care.
  6. With 10 dollars per day, one can hardly get .
  7. We have to get  the bus at the next stop.
  8. My sister helped me get  the exam.
  9. What you did was very mean. I don't think you'll get  so easily.
  10. We won't get  the sea today if you don't cycle a bit faster.

Phrasal Verbs with 'up'

Complete the first part of the phrasal verbs. Use each verb only once.
  1. Could you  me up at the airport?
  2. Jane  up with Tom.
  3.  up your coat before you go outside.
  4. I'm sorry for being late. I was  up.
  5. Can we  up our tent here?
  6. He was so upset that he  up the letter.
  7. A friend of mine has  up business as a detective.
  8. Mum, can I watch TV? I've  up my dinner.
  9. After the party, we had to  up the kitchen, which was a complete mess.
  10. I am so tired. I  up at four and haven't had a break since

Phrasal Verbs with 'turn'

Complete the sentences. Use each particle only once.
  1. I love this song! Do you mind if I turn  the volume?
  2. Turn  the telly and go to bed.
  3. Turn  the oven, I want to bake a pizza.
  4. Turn the page . The information you are looking for is on the other side.
  5. Turn . Is that Bob over there?
  6. Please turn  the music, I am speaking on the phone.

Phrasal Verbs with 'down'

Complete the first part of the phrasal verbs. Use each verb only once.
  1. It's so hot in here! Could you  the heater down, please?
  2.  down, we don't have to run that fast!
  3. Be careful! I don't want you to  down the stairs.
  4. Why don't you  down and have a nice cup of tea with me?
  5. Could you  down your e-mail address? I want to keep in touch with you.

Mixed Exercise 1

Complete the sentences.
  1. Put your shoes  - it's too cold to walk around barefoot.
  2. You must get  now or you will be late for school.
  3. Sit , please. I'll be with you in a minute.
  4. Could you write this word  for me, please?
  5. Don't give  singing. You are very talented.
  6. Where is the fitting room? I'd like to try  these trousers.
  7. Have you tidied  the kitchen, yet?
  8. My little sister woke me  in the middle of the night.
  9. Don't put the vase there, it will fall .
  10. Adam switched  his torch, so we could find our way home in the dark.

Mixed Exercise 2

Complete the phrasal verbs with the correct particles.
  1. I don't know where my book is. I must look  it.
  2. Fill the form, please.
  3. The music is too loud. Could you turn  the volume, please?
  4. Quick, get  the bus or you'll have to walk home.
  5. Turn  the lights when you go to bed.
  6. Do you mind if I switch  the telly? I'd like to watch the news.
  7. The dinner was ruined. I had to throw it .
  8. When you enter the house, take  your shoes and put some slippers .
  9. If you don't know this word, you can look it  in a dictionary.

Mixed Exercise 1

Complete the sentences.
  1. I often use Wikipedia to   information.
  2. If you want to   a bus in London, you will have to queue.
  3. Can I   the TV? I want to watch the weather forecast.
  4. It is very hard to   smoking.
  5. It is so dark in here, you can really   your sunglasses now.
  6. Shall I   and offer my seat to the old lady?
  7. With a few buckets of water, we   the fire.
  8. Who will   your cat when you're on holiday?
  9. Would you like to   your new dress today?
  10. At the next stop we have to   the bus and walk along the street to the cinema.

Mixed Exercise 2

Complete the phrasal verbs according to their meanings in brackets.
  1. (remove, do not wear)  your shoes.
  2. Somebody has to (take care of)  the baby.
  3. Could you (do not leave it on)  the radio?
  4. Where can I (see if it fits)  the sweater?
  5. (be quick) .
  6. Why don't you (take a seat) ?
  7. I will (enter)  the train now.
  8. Shall I (consult a dictionary)  the word in a dictionary?
  9. When do you (rise from bed after sleeping)  in the mornings?
Complete the sentences. Use each phrasal verb only once.
  1. I cannot  his writing.
  2. Please,  the page.
  3. We cannot play football here. The sign says, “  the grass.”
  4. She  and cried.
  5. The boy was  by a nanny.
  6. I can hardly concentrate. I could really  a holiday.
  7. The Titanic collided with an iceberg and .
  8. Why don't you  singing? You have such a beautiful voice.
  9. The strike was  by military units.
  10. Would you like to  business in the United States?